Every sport has a technique, as well as the basic long jump technique used by athletes around the world. In general, the technique is divided into four types, each of which we will explain in the discussion. Starting from the prefix technique before jumping to landing after jumping.
1. Prefix Technique as a Kick-start
The prefix attitude in the long jump basic technique is slightly different from the high jump prefix which is a sibling in the field of athletics. The long jump prefix technique starts with the preparation of square off and then runs very fast. The prefix stage will stop just before a runner jumps.
The process of habituation is needed. An athlete in the long jump will understand when to increase speed and when to reduce it before starting on the starting board to jump. Train yourself continuously to master this first technique is very continued.
2. Repulsion Technique with the Strongest Leg
In the basic long jump technique when jumping on the repulsion board is very important. Never jump on two feet, because it will only be a joke. Only use one of the strongest legs, and combine speed in the starting technique with the pounding when jumping vertically in the repulsion technique.
That way an athlete will jump quite high and very far as if floating in the air for a long time. The two combinations in the first and second techniques must be balanced. To be safer, an athlete has a teacher or coach to guide the application of techniques so that fatal accidents do not occur in training.
3. Floating Technique Regulates Leg Position
There are 3 styles of doing the long jump technique. Floating is a technical term for repulsion or jumping so that the hovering position is in the air. In the flying technique, the swing attitude and balance are very important. The 3 styles include:
- Squat style when in the air resembles a person squatting or sitting.
- The style of hovering like a flying person, namely positioning yourself in an upright position, balance is the most important thing here.
- Air gait is mostly used by amateurs. You can sample this style for school physical education tests or others.
The process of floating in the air can be driven by the athlete’s own body. Namely by advancing the hips hard forward, turning the hands, or positioning the feet leaning forward. This learning has helped the landing for the last technique to be discussed.
4. Landing Techniques To Avoid Injury
Landing is the last technique in the sequence as the basic long jump technique. The process of landing in athletics should not be haphazard, because if it is wrong it can result in injury. In contrast to the repulsion technique, when landing an athlete must use both feet. Do not use one leg because it can be very fatal.
The heels of both feet should touch each other, leaning forward (towards your knees) so you don’t land on your buttocks. After the landing process is complete, if you want to leave the sandbox, don’t come back. Walk away from the repulsion board, so you can calculate how far an athlete jumps.
Those are the four basic techniques in the process of a coherent long jump. The technique must be carried out in sequence starting from the prefix technique, repulsion technique, flying technique, to the landing technique. The role of a trainer is needed to help master the basic long jump technique.